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 CGAfrica 2022: A 2D Drawing of Legend of Shango - The Third Emperor Competition | CGAfrica

CGAfrica 2022: A 2D Drawing of Legend of Shango - The Third Emperor Competition




CGAfrica is excited to announce its first-ever challenge appropriately named ‘CGAfrica Competition 2022’. We are extending an invite to all concept artists from all levels of experience to participate in our inaugural competition. 
This is an opportunity to gain insight into your skills from our jury of established professionals, who are dedicated to offering you support and guidance to further develop and hone your craft.


The theme of the first CGAfrica Competition is Legend of Shango - The Third Emperor


Shango (Ṣàngó) was a royal ancestor of the Yoruba people in West Africa. (Now largely based in western Nigeria). He was the third king to rule the Oyo empire. 

Shango was one of the most powerful rulers of the Yoruba People and is popular for his powerful axe, red robes and beads. His reign was marked with continuous campaigns and many battles. He is considered to have brought prosperity to the Oyo Empire. Shango is described in some oral tradition as one with a voice like thunder and a mouth that spewed fire when he spoke. 
Shango’s rule was marked by whimsical use of power! One account asserts that Shango has the ability to spit fire when angry and that he inadvertently caused a thunderstorm and lightning that struck his palace; hence he’s mythically referred to as one who controls lightning. 
We are challenging artists to imagine what Shango looked like as an emperor. We are looking for your ability to breathe life into the iconic character of Shango as a man.


Oyo empire (circa 1400)

The Oyo Empire was a powerful Yoruba empire of west Africa, made up of parts of present-day Eastern Benin and western Nigeria. It grew to become the largest Yoruba-speaking state.

The first Alaafin of Oyo, Ọ̀rànmíyàn, was a courageous and warlike king. He left behind him two renowned sons, Ajaka and Sango, both of whom succeeded him in turns and both of whom became famous in history for having run a deified after death. 


Sango was the third king of the Oyo kingdom. He was enthroned as a young man. Influential statemen sought to take advantage of his youth; one of the statemen demanded tribute from Sango but Sango flatly. This later developed into a standoff where his capital city was besieged and a battle ensured between his supporters and the opposing faction. Equipped with his weapon of choice- a double-headed axe, Sango displayed bravery as well as tricks on the battlefield- He could erupt smoke from his mouth and nostrils- terrifying the enemy army to the point of panic. 

The enemy forces subsequently fled the city. Pushed on to an advantage, and with victories in battles after battles, he became firmly established on the throne. Following from his strong grip on power he subsequently became elated and tyrannical. 

Sango, with a fiery temper, was skilled in sleight of hand tricks. He had a habit of emitting fire and smoke out of his mouth, which greatly increased the dread his subjects had of him.

One of Sango’s 3 wives -Oya had the power to summon rain.  Together with Sango's fire-spitting ability, they were a powerful force they had terrific and swift victories in battles. When it was time to ravage their enemies, Oya, who had the power to summon wind, would blow off roofs, fall trees, and breathe life into the fire set by Sango.

Sango wore his hair plaited as a tribute to his beloved wife Oya. 

 On one occasion when a slave failed to carry out his assignment, Sango ordered 122 razor cuts slashed all over the slave’s body as punishment. The scars left by these wounds strangely took the fancy of the King's wife, who thought that they added comeliness to the man. Sango subsequently subjected himself to the Olùwàlàs (the markers) to get similar scars to please his wife.

Sango's reign was marked by his restlessness. He fought many battles. It was claimed that he knew some preparation by which he could attract lightning. 

The palace at Oyo was built at the foot of a hill. One day, the king, garbed in his signature red robes ascended this hill accompanied by his courtiers and some of his slaves, cousins but none of his children. He wanted to try one of his preparation which got out of control. Lightning struck the palace before they came down the hill, and the buildings were razed to the ground. Many of his children and properties perished in the fire. 

Realizing he was the architect of his misfortune and consumed by guilt, he abdicated the throne and subsequently hung himself in a shea butter tree to preserve his honour.



  • Four (4) high-resolution views to make a complete character design of Shango - Each 3,000px minimum on the longest edge. Characters can be drawn in context e.g., when in battle, during peacetime or when leading his army.
  • A character line-up of all four (4) views on one single sheet – 3,000px minimum on the longest edge.
  • Work-in-progress artwork to show the progress of your entry including silhouettes, back views, sketches, progress shots, etc.

Submission Criteria

Please ensure submitted pieces comply with the following criteria:

  • Any art style is accepted.
  • Only 2D artworks will be accepted
  • Studios/companies are not allowed to submit artwork.
  • Ensure the artwork does not exceed 5MB and is in .jpg format when uploading the piece.

Judging Criteria

The character designs will be judged on both creative and narrative details.

The Competition Judges

Hamid Ibrahim

Hamid is an Artist who focuses on creative leadership and innovation. He is the co-Founder and Creative Director at Kugali Media a visual entertainment company that focuses on African storytelling. Kugali became the first company to close a deal with Disney animation. Kugali is also the official Snapchat creator in the augmented reality field, with its experiences that have so far been used by over 75 million people. Augmented reality projects were in collaboration with Snapchat and Nelson Mandela’s granddaughter, Tuwikini Mandela with a goal to encourage education on Black British History. Hamid has also worked in the highest levels of visual entertainment in Hollywood blockbusters like Lion King(2019), Dumbo(2019), The Predator (2018) and Dolittle (2020). 

He has also been featured on BBC News, CNN, Reuters and several other media houses. With all his achievements, Hamid was able to win the award of Alumnus of the year Award from the University of Hertfordshire in 2021.

Tobi Ayegbusi

Tobi (Teetoo) is a creative writer and storyteller from Nigeria. He works professionally as a comic scriptwriter and creator. He is the Co-Founder and lead writer at Brown roof studios, a comic book studio that is the first of its kind in the city of Ibadan, Nigeria. The studio focuses on telling African stories that strongly portray the African heritage. Tobi is the writer behind brown roof studios’ current major title, Jakuta.
As a young creative mind, Tobi aspires to send out impactful lessons to the world, expressing his ideas through stories. He believes that “Creativity is a force beyond any comprehensive limit, thus it is the greatest force of all”.

Our Sponsors


  • 1st place: $1000
  • 2nd place: $500
  • 3rd place: $200
  • Honourable mentions

How to Submit



  • Artists participating in the ‘Legend of Shango - The Third Emperor’ competition must be a member of CGAfrica.com; registration on CGAfrica.com is free.
  • Artists participating in the competition must be subscribed to our social media platforms
  • Entry is limited to individual artists; therefore team/studio/group entries are not eligible.
  • This competition is open to African artists of all ages based in Africa.


Submission ends: April 15, 2022

Winners Announcement

Winners announced: May 6, 2022

Original Artwork

Entries must be new artworks specifically made for the challenge and cannot be based on the works of another artist, or based on film, TV or game projects.

Challenge Judging

The outcome/decision made by the judges of the challenge is final.